NGO’s, the non-profit organisations, initiate environment awareness among people and act as catalyst for environmental protection.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests extends support to NGO activities and conducts many of its own programmes through them.
NGO’s Act as eyes and ears of the government. Out of 300 NGO’s, 130 are engaged in environmental awareness and education, 50 in natural conservation, 50 in pollution control, 45 in afforestation and social forestry, 15 in rural development and 10 in eco-development. Most of them carry out academically oriented activities. In critical situations, they also launch environmental movements.
Initiatives taken by NGO’s:
1. Environmental education and awareness among people.
2. Environmental (air, water, soil, noise) pollution control.
3. Protection of forest wealth.
4. Afforestation and social forestry.
5. Floristic and formal education.
6. Wild life conservation.
7. Recycling and waste utilisation.
8. Rural development and eco development.
9. Population stabilisation and family planning.
10. Development of non-polluting renewable energy sources.
11. Emphasising the use of non-conventional, pollution free sources of energy (solar, wind, tidal, biogas, gobar gas, ocean energy etc.) instead of thermal, hydel and nuclear energy.
12. Conservation of biological diversity.